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Sec. 5.01. Definitions (revised October 2003)

As used in these bylaws:

  1. The term faculty shall include members of the teaching and research staff together with the executive officers, the directors of various teaching, research, and library units, research associates, curators, and persons with similar duties.
  2. The term professorial staff shall include professors, associate professors, and assistant professors.
  3. The term governing faculty, when used in connection with a school or college, shall include those members of the school or college who are professors, associate professors, and assistant professors. The governing faculty shall include instructors and lecturers who hold appointments of one-half time or more; provided, however, that such instructors and lecturers may vote at faculty meetings only if they have held appointments for one or more years and are authorized to vote by a majority of the professorial staff of the appropriate school or college. The governing faculty may include clinical professors, clinical associate professors, clinical assistant professors, research scientists, associate research scientists, assistant research scientists, research investigators, research professors, research associate professors, and research assistant professors when authorized by, and in accordance with, the policies and bylaws of the appropriate school or college.
  4. The term teaching staff shall include professors, associate professors, assistant professors, instructors, lecturers, and teaching fellows.
  5. The terms teaching fellow, teaching associate, teaching assistant, student assistant, research assistant, technical assistant, laboratory assistant, and assistant shall be used to designate junior appointees who participate in the processes of teaching and research but do not possess faculty rank. Students in these classifications shall have student status.
  6. The term university year, as used in connection with appointments of members of the faculty and other personnel, contains any two terms in the calendar, as defined for the year in question. Faculty members are expected to participate in orientation, registration, and commencement.

Sec. 5.02. Governing Bodies in Schools and Colleges (revised January 1993)

In each school, college, or degree granting division of the university, including those at the University of Michigan-Dearborn and at the University of Michigan-Flint, the governing faculty shall be in charge of the affairs of the school, college, or division, except as delegated to the executive committee, if any, and except that in the School of Graduate Studies the governing body shall be the executive board, and in the Medical School shall be the executive faculty.

Sec. 5.03. Powers and Duties of the Governing Faculties

The faculty of each school and college shall from time to time recommend to the board for approval such regulations as are not included within these bylaws and which are pertinent to its structure and major operating procedures, such as departmental organization, requirements for admission and graduation, and other educational matters, the determination of which is within the peculiar competence of the faculties of the several schools and colleges. All such recommendations when approved by the board shall be recorded in the Proceedings of the Board of Regents.

Subject to the ultimate authority of the board, the faculty of each school and college is also vested with plenary powers to make rules and regulations concerning other matters such as grading regulations, class attendance, committee organization and related internal matters. All such regulations shall be recorded in the minute books of the adopting authority and filed with the secretary of the university.

Each faculty shall provide suitable instruction for the students enrolled in its school or college. Each faculty shall recommend to the board students under its jurisdiction who qualify for university degrees. It shall, subject to the board, possess such other powers as are necessary to the performance of its duties.

Sec. 5.04. Faculty Procedure

Each faculty shall adopt rules for its own government and procedure and shall appoint a secretary, define the secretary’s duties, and keep a record of faculty action.

In the absence of specific rules to the contrary, the rules of parliamentary procedure as described in Robert’s Rules of Order shall be followed by school and college faculties, committees, boards, and other deliberative bodies.

Sec. 5.05. Faculty Communications to the Board

Each faculty shall submit its communications to the board in writing through its dean, and at the University of Michigan-Dearborn and the University of Michigan-Flint through the chancellor, and through the president of the university. Each dean shall endorse faculty communications, making appropriate explanatory statements as needed.

Sec. 5.06. The Deans and Executive Committees

The dean or director, or administrative head of a school, college, or department of instruction or research shall be appointed by the board on recommendation by the president to act as executive officer of the school, college, or department.

If an executive committee has been created by the board for the school, college, or department, the dean, director, or head shall be assisted by the executive committee of which he or she shall be ex officio the chair. The executive committee in addition to assisting with administrative functions shall be charged with the duties of investigating and formulating educational and instructional policies for consideration by the faculty and shall act for the faculty in matters of budgets, promotions, and appointments.

Sec. 5.07. Administrative Officers of Other University Units (revised July 1997)

Administrative officers of units other than those covered by Sec. 5.06 shall be appointed by the board on recommendation by the president. They shall perform such administrative duties as are prescribed by the appropriate university authorities. Appointments to such administrative positions are without tenure and may be terminated upon the request of the appointee for relief from administrative duties or by the action of the board.

Sec. 5.08. Appointment, Tenure, Promotion, and Resignation of the Staff (revised February 2012)

  1. Members of the tenured professorial staff shall be appointed by the board on recommendation by the appropriate dean or executive committee, the provost, and at the University of Michigan-Dearborn or the University of Michigan-Flint by the chancellor, and by the president. Unless otherwise provided by specific action by the board, professors and associate professors shall be appointed on indeterminate tenure. The annual budget as approved by the board shall be deemed the record of continuance of service for the ensuing year of all persons on the professorial staff.
  2. Assistant professors and all other nontenured members of the teaching staff shall be appointed by the president on recommendation by the dean and executive committee, and at the University of Michigan-Dearborn or the University of Michigan-Flint by the chancellor. Assistant professors, instructors, and lecturers shall be appointed for terms of up to four years, as is in each case specifically designated in the terms of the appointment. Whenever the term of appointment to assistant professor, instructor, or lecturer is not specified, it shall be for one year only. Other teaching appointments shall be for not more than one year. The annual budget as approved by the board shall be deemed the record of continuance of service for the ensuing year for all persons on the teaching staff. All such appointments shall be reported monthly to the board.
  3. Unless specifically provided otherwise by these bylaws, all other members of the staff of the university shall be appointed by the president, on recommendation by the appropriate administrative officer for the fiscal year only.
  4. All promotions to tenured teaching positions shall be made by the board on recommendation by the chair of the department, the dean, the executive committee, the provost, and at the University of Michigan-Dearborn or the University of Michigan-Flint by the chancellor and the president. All promotions to nontenured teaching staff shall be made by the president on recommendation by the appropriate administrative officer and shall be reported to the board in the same manner as an original appointment in this class. All such changes for other members of the staff shall be made by the president on recommendation by the appropriate administrative officer or agency.
  5. All resignations of teaching staff shall be reported to the board monthly.
  6. Appointments to positions paid in whole or in part from grants or contracts for limited periods of time shall be subject to the following provisions in the event of cessation of these funds:
    a. In case of persons previously holding full-time or part-time positions paid from general university funds the person shall be restored to this appointment status within the department, either with tenure or for the remainder of the term of appointment, at the appropriate departmental salary.
    b. In case of persons brought to the university for the performance of duties payable from limited term funds, both service and salary shall be terminated.

Nothing in these regulations shall prohibit a department from recommending a new appointee to a tenure grade within the faculty and assigning the new appointee immediately to duties payable from limited term funds. When the limited term funds are no longer available, the department concerned shall be responsible for providing further tenure of duties and salary.

Sec. 5.09. Procedures in Cases of Dismissal, Demotion, or Terminal Appointment (revised April 2011)

  1. Applicability. The procedures prescribed in this section shall be followed (a) before recommendation is made to the Board of Regents of dismissal or demotion of a tenured member of the university teaching staff or of any member of the teaching staff during the term for which any member of the teaching staff is appointed; or (b) before recommendation is made to the Board of Regents of dismissal, demotion, or terminal appointment of a teaching staff member holding appointments with the university for a total of ten years in the rank of full-time instructor or higher. Subject to pursuing these procedures, a recommendation of dismissal, demotion, or terminal appointment may be made for causes accepted by university usage, properly connected with the improvement and efficiency of the faculty, and consistent with the character of the tenure involved.
  2. Initiation of Proceedings. Proceedings which may result in a recommendation of dismissal, demotion, or terminal appointment may be initiated by the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs or by the executive authority (dean, director, or executive committee) of the school, college, or other unit (hereinafter called the administrative unit) in which the affected faculty member is employed. In exceptional cases which, in the judgment of the president, threaten direct and immediate injury to the public reputation or the essential functions of the university, the president may direct that the affected faculty member be relieved of some or all of his or her university duties and responsibilities, without prejudice and without loss of compensation, pending the final disposition of the case.
  3. Proceedings Dependent on Classification of Case. Cases involving matters concerning primarily the administrative unit in which the affected faculty member is employed shall be subject to the procedures provided for by subsection 4 of this section. Cases involving matters of general university concern shall be subject to the procedures provided for by subsection 5 of this section. The provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, before initiating action with respect to a faculty member, shall notify the president, SACUA, and the executive authority of the administrative unit. The president, after consulting with SACUA and the executive authority of the administrative unit, shall determine whether the case shall be handled under subsection 4 or subsection 5 of this section. The executive authority of an administrative unit, before initiating action with respect to a faculty member, shall notify the president and SACUA, and the president, after consulting with SACUA, shall determine whether the case shall be handled under subsection 4 or subsection 5 of this section. The president’s determination shall be communicated in writing to SACUA and the executive authority of the administrative unit.
  4. Procedure in Cases Referred to the Executive Authority of the School or College.
    a. Upon referral by the president of a case to the executive authority of an administrative unit, the executive authority shall promptly give written notice thereof to the faculty member affected and to SACUA. The notice shall state with reasonable particularity the charges which the executive authority proposes to investigate and shall advise the faculty member that the faculty member may, upon making written request not more than ten days after receipt of the notice, have the right to a hearing.

    b. The executive authority shall promptly investigate a case referred to it; and, if the faculty member has requested a hearing, shall provide for a hearing either (1) before the executive committee of the administrative unit or (2) before a special ad hoc faculty committee appointed by the executive authority with the approval of the executive committee or the governing faculty of the administrative unit. The affected faculty member may (1) have an adviser of the faculty member’s own choosing who may act as counsel; (2) be present at all sessions of the hearing committee at which evidence is received or argument is heard; (3) call, examine, and cross examine witnesses; and (4) examine all documentary evidence received by the hearing committee. A full stenographic record of the hearing shall be taken, and the hearing committee shall, with reasonable promptness, file a written report on the case, together with a transcript of the record of the hearing, with the executive head of the administrative unit, SACUA, and the president. The report shall contain the hearing committee’s conclusions and recommendations and the reasons therefor. If dismissal, demotion, or terminal appointment is recommended, the report shall contain a specific statement of the deficiencies or acts of misconduct on which the recommendation is based, and a copy of the report shall be delivered to the faculty member.

    c. If the hearing committee recommends that adverse action be taken against the faculty member, the executive authority of the administrative unit, before considering the matter further, shall advise the faculty member in writing that the faculty member may have a review of the case by the standing subcommittee on tenure appointed by the Senate Advisory Committee on University Affairs as provided in subparagraph (d) of this subsection. If the hearing committee recommends that adverse action should not be taken against the affected faculty member, but the executive head of the school or college, upon review of the hearing committee’s report and the record, disagrees with its recommendation and concludes that the executive head of the school or college should recommend adverse action against the faculty member, the executive head of the school or college shall notify the faculty member in writing of his or her recommendation, and with reasonable particularity of the reasons therefor, and shall advise the faculty member that the faculty member may have a review of the case as provided in subparagraph (d) of this subsection.

    d. The request of the faculty member for review of the faculty member’s case by the review committee shall be presented in writing to the chair or secretary of SACUA within ten days after receipt by the faculty member of the notice from the executive head or authority of the administrative unit that adverse action against the faculty member has been recommended. The request for review shall be referred to the standing Subcommittee on Tenure appointed by SACUA and designated by it as the review committee. The review committee shall promptly, but upon not less than ten days’ written notice to the faculty member and to the executive head of the administrative unit, conduct a hearing in the matter, of which a full written record shall be taken. The review committee shall review the record, reports, and recommendations transmitted by the hearing committee and may in addition receive new evidence. The faculty member, either in person or through a representative or both, and the executive head of the administrative unit shall have the right to appear, to comment on the proceeding before the hearing committee and on its findings, conclusions, and recommendations, and to examine and rebut any new evidence received by the review committee. A full record shall be kept of the review proceeding.

    e. In conducting its review of the case, the review committee shall take account of all relevant factors, including consideration of the questions (1) whether the hearing committee observed the procedure prescribed in this subsection, (2) whether the hearing committee accorded a fair hearing, (3) whether the deficiencies or acts of misconduct on which the hearing committee’s recommendations are based are related to the charges stated in the first instance as the basis for investigation, (4) whether the proceeding as it developed before the hearing committee involves matters of general university concern, and (5) whether the weight of the evidence, as it appears in the record and as supplemented by any further evidence by the review committee, supports the hearing committee’s findings and recommendations. In determining what its recommendation shall be, the review committee shall be free to make any recommendation appropriate to its findings and conclusions respecting either the procedural or meritorious aspects of the case.

    f. Within thirty days following its hearing, the review committee shall file a written report with the affected faculty member, the executive head of the administrative unit, the president, and SACUA. The report shall contain the committee’s conclusions, recommendations, and the reasons therefor. There shall be filed with the report a transcript of the record of the hearing conducted by the review committee.

    g. The faculty member and SACUA may, within ten days after receiving the review committee’s report, file written comments thereon with the president and, in the case of the faculty member, with the executive head of the administrative unit. Within twenty days after it receives the hearing committee’s report, the executive authority of the administrative unit shall notify the president of its final recommendations in the case.

    h. The president shall thereafter review the record in the case and shall formulate his or her own recommendations and the reasons therefor. The affected faculty member and SACUA shall be furnished copies of the president’s recommendations and may, within ten days after receiving the same, submit to the president written comments respecting the recommendations. The full record of the case, including the recommendations of the president and any comments by the affected faculty member or SACUA, shall then be transmitted by the president to the board for final action.
  5. Procedure in Cases Referred to SACUA

    a. Upon referral of a case by the president to SACUA, the committee shall designate its standing Subcommittee on Tenure to serve as a hearing committee and shall refer the case to it for hearing. The hearing committee shall promptly give written notice to the faculty member affected. The notice shall state with reasonable particularity the charges (as prepared by the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs) which the committee proposes to investigate, and shall advise the faculty member that the faculty member may, upon making written request not later than ten days after receipt of the notice, have the right to a hearing before the committee.

    b. The hearing committee shall promptly investigate a case referred to it, and may call upon any member of the university faculty or staff for relevant information. The provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, or a representative, may be present at all meetings of the committee, and may present such evidence as the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs deems appropriate. The executive authority of the administrative unit in which the affected faculty member is employed may be present or represented at all meetings of the committee, and if it wishes to make any recommendations, shall make them to the committee prior to the conclusion of the committee’s investigation, whereupon such recommendations shall become a part of the committee’s record in the case. If the affected faculty member requests a hearing before the committee, a full stenographic record of the hearing shall be taken. The affected faculty member may (1) have an adviser of the faculty member’s own choosing who may act as counsel; (2) be present at all sessions of the hearing committee at which evidence is received or argument is heard; (3) call, examine, and cross examine witnesses; and (4) examine all documentary evidence received by the hearing committee.

    c. Within a reasonable period of time after the referral of the case to the hearing committee, the committee shall file a written report with SACUA. The report shall contain the committee’s conclusions, recommendations, and the reasons therefor. If dismissal, demotion, or terminal appointment is recommended, the report shall contain a specific statement of the conduct on which the recommendation is based. There shall be filed with the report the complete written record in the case, including the recommendations, if any, made to the committee by the executive authority of the school or college and a transcript of the record of any hearings conducted by the committee.

    d. If the committee recommends that adverse action be taken against the faculty member, SACUA shall advise the faculty member affected that the faculty member may request the Senate Advisory Committee to review the proceeding conducted by the hearing committee. The faculty member’s request for a review shall be presented in writing to the chair or secretary of SACUA within ten days thereafter. Upon receipt of this request SACUA may in its discretion conduct a hearing for the purpose of determining whether the hearing committee granted a fair hearing and followed the procedure prescribed by this subsection. If such a review hearing is granted, the faculty member, either in person or through a representative or both, shall have the right to appear and to comment on the proceeding before the hearing committee. A full record shall be kept of the review proceeding.

    e. If SACUA determines that the hearing committee failed to grant a fair hearing or to follow the prescribed procedure, it shall set aside the committee’s findings and conclusions and remand the case to the committee for a new hearing in accordance with the procedure prescribed by this subsection. A written report of the action taken by SACUA, together with the record of its review proceeding, shall be filed with the affected faculty member, the executive head of the administrative unit, the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, and the president.

    f. If the hearing committee recommends that adverse action should not be taken against the affected faculty member, or if it recommends that adverse action be taken and the affected faculty member does not request a review by SACUA, or if in case a review is requested and granted it is determined that the hearing committee granted a fair hearing and followed the prescribed procedures, SACUA shall file the hearing committee’s report and recommendations together with the complete written record in the case with the affected faculty member, the president, the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, and the executive authority of the administrative unit. In filing the report and record with the president, SACUA may also include its comments on the hearing committee’s findings, conclusions, and recommendations. The affected faculty member, the executive authority of the administrative unit, and the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs may, within ten days after receiving copies of the hearing committee’s report and the record, file written comments with the president.

    g. The president shall thereafter review the record in the case and shall formulate his or her own recommendations and the reasons therefor. The affected faculty member and SACUA shall be furnished copies of the president’s recommendations and may, within ten days after receiving the same, submit to the president written comments respecting the recommendations. The full record of the case, including the recommendations of the president and any comments by the affected faculty member or SACUA, shall then be transmitted by the president to the board for final action.

Sec. 5.10. Severance Pay

Applicability. Academic personnel with indeterminate tenure who are dismissed in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 5.09 shall be entitled to severance pay for one academic year following written notification of dismissal except: Where because of the character of the employee’s conduct, the university is prohibited by law from making such payment; or

Where there is competent evidence to establish beyond reasonable doubt that the employee has been guilty of a felony, or a serious misdemeanor in connection with students or directly involving the university; or

Where there has been an intentional refusal, expressed or implied by conduct, to perform properly assigned academic duties.

Amount of Severance Pay. Severance pay in the case of an employee on indeterminate tenure means regular monthly payments, equal to the employee’s salary during the appointment year of dismissal, covering a period following written notification of dismissal equal to one appointment year, except where the employee during such year secures other employment. In the latter event, from the time such other employment begins, the monthly payments shall not exceed the difference between the amount of the monthly payments otherwise provided herein and the employee’s monthly compensation from such other employment.

Severance Pay for a Dismissed Faculty Member Under Contract for a Determinate Period. Severance pay in case of academic personnel under contract for a determinate period shall be the same as for personnel on indeterminate tenure, except where the period remaining under any contract following written notification of dismissal is less than one year. In such case, the payments otherwise provided herein shall extend at least to the regular terminal date of the contract.

Sec. 5.12. Outside Employment

A full-time member of the faculty shall not during the academic year be employed for remuneration by other agencies than the University except with approval of the proper University authorities. Such approval may be granted in the case of professional employment only when either or both of the following conditions exist:

  1. When the work in question gives promise of enhancing the individual’s usefulness as a teacher and scholar in the individual’s field to a greater degree than a corresponding amount of work within the walls of the University.

  2. When the work is of a distinctly public nature or when for any other reason the University wishes to be actively engaged in its furtherance.

In the case of nonprofessional employment, such approval may be granted only when it appears that such activity will not interfere with the performance of University duties or impair the usefulness of the individual as a teacher and a scholar.

Each of the governing faculties of the University shall formulate for the guidance of its administrative officers such regulations, appropriate to the fields represented by it, as it may consider necessary to give effect to the general policy defined herein.

Whenever outside employment is permitted in connection with a “part-time” appointment, the portion of time which is engaged by the University shall be stated in the appointment notice and in the budget.

Sec. 5.13. Governmental Activities

The holding of public office by staff members is considered desirable and those seeking such office should be encouraged.

Any regular staff member who becomes a candidate for any elective public office shall, upon the filing of that candidacy, notify the secretary of the university in writing of the candidacy and file with the secretary of the university a statement from the appropriate supervisor, department head, or dean that arrangements have been made and approved to assure that the candidacy will not interfere with the performance of university employment duties. Upon request, such candidates shall be given a leave of absence without salary during the period of the actual campaign.

All regular staff members who are elected to a public office and any regular staff member who is appointed to a public office shall file with the secretary of the university a statement from the appropriate supervisor, department head, or dean that arrangements have been made and approved to assure that the duties of the office will not interfere with the performance of university employment duties. If such assurance cannot be made, the staff member shall either request leave of absence without salary or resign effective upon the commencement of governmental duties or upon expiration of previously granted leave. If the staff member requests leave of absence without salary, such leave shall be granted by the president for the period of one term of office, if any, or for one year. Leaves without salary for additional terms of office, if any, or additional years of service may be granted by the president on recommendation by the dean or appropriate administrative officer.

Sec. 5.14. Leaves of Absence

Sabbatical leaves. Sabbatical leaves for study and research may be granted by the president on recommendation by the dean to members of the professorial staff who have completed six years of service in professorial ranks at the university. At the University of Michigan-Dearborn and the University of Michigan-Flint, sabbatical leaves for study and research may be granted by the president on recommendation by the chancellor to members of the professorial staff who have completed six years of service in professorial ranks at the university. All sabbatical leaves will be reported monthly to the board.

A sabbatical leave may be granted for an entire annual contractual period or for two halves of the annual contractual period during which time the professor shall receive one-half of his regular salary; or it may be granted for one-half of the annual contractual period, with full salary. A member of the faculty on sabbatical leave shall not render service for compensation in another institution or enterprise; provided, however, that this does not preclude the acceptance of a fellowship or other assistance in research but in each such case the source of additional funds and the fact that their use materially aids the planned research program of the recipient shall be fully set forth in the request for sabbatical leave.

Application for sabbatical leave shall be made in writing and addressed to the dean of the unit concerned not later than February 1, preceding the university year within which the leave is desired. The application must be accompanied by a statement of a well-considered plan for spending the leave in a manner calculated to contribute to the professional effectiveness of the applicant and the best interests of the university.

A member of the staff who is granted a sabbatical leave is expected to return to his duties in the university for at least one year.

Other Leaves of Absence. Leaves of absence other than sabbatical, and not in excess of one year, may be granted by the president on recommendation by the dean or appropriate administrative officer to members of the faculty or to other employees of the university.

Leaves in excess of one year may be granted only by the board upon appropriate request and recommendation. Leaves for teaching staff will be reported monthly to the board.

Sec. 5.15. Vacation Allowance

Instructional staff who hold appointments on a twelve-month basis shall receive annual vacation allowances equivalent to one month in twelve, with proportional allowances for appointees who have been in the service of the university for more than six months but less than twelve months. Any person who is in good standing and has been in the service of the university for one year or more, and who has earned a vacation allowance under the foregoing provisions but is unable to receive it because the person is resigning or being granted a leave without pay, may be paid in terminal allowance equal to the salary that the person would have received for the vacation period had the person continued in the university service.

Sec. 5.16. Temporary Absences (revised November 1993)

All absences of members of the teaching staff or other academic employees shall be reported to the dean or director. All absences extending over more than three weeks at any one time must be reported to the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs or, at the University of Michigan-Dearborn and the University of Michigan-Flint, to the chancellor.

Sec. 5.17. Sick Leave for Teaching Staff and Academic Research Staff

In the event of accident or sickness rendering a member of the teaching or academic research staff temporarily incapable of performing his or her duties, application may be made to the president for sick leave privileges as follows, provided that the duties of the staff member shall be cared for without added expense to the university.

Any professor, associate professor, or member of the academic research staff who has been a full-time member of the staff for ten years or more, may apply for sick leave with salary during incapacity, but not exceeding one year of leave at full salary and thereafter one year of leave at one-half salary.

Any professor, associate professor, assistant professor, or other member of the teaching or academic research staff not included under paragraph (1), who has been a full-time member of the staff for two years or more, may apply for sick leave with salary during incapacity but not exceeding one-half year of leave at full salary and thereafter one-half year of leave at one-half salary.

In the event of successive periods of incapacity, a total sick leave of not more than the foregoing maximum will be allowed in any five year period. The first three weeks of any period of incapacity on account of accident or sickness shall not be included in computing the maximum allowable under the foregoing provisions. In each instance of incapacity in excess of three weeks, application shall be made to the president stating the facts and requesting the leave of absence. Reports will be made monthly to the board for all teaching staff.

The term “incapacity” as herein used means temporary total inability to perform university duties, with the likelihood of restoration to full capacity for service. Cases of partial incapacity and of chronic recurring incapacity are not included but each such case shall be subject to special action by the president providing for a part-time appointment or making such other adjustment as the circumstances may indicate.

Sec. 5.18. Sick Leave for Other Academic Personnel (revised November 1993)

Academic appointees not included in the teaching staff or academic research staff shall be entitled to sick leave with pay in accordance with regulations issued by the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, provided that periods of three weeks or longer shall be reported to the provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, or, at the University of Michigan-Dearborn and the University of Michigan-Flint, to the chancellor.

Sec. 5.19. Retirement of the President, Faculty, and Executive Officers (revised February 2012)

Subject to the provisions of subsection 2, the members of the professorial staff appointed prior to January 1, 1984, during the last year preceding retirement shall be entitled to be relieved of normal responsibilities and may be called upon to act in a consulting capacity to the president, executive officers, deans, or department heads, or to conduct research in the individual’s field of interest unless otherwise specifically provided by the board, and the salary during this period shall be the regular annual salary. This year preceding termination of service is hereinafter referred to as the “terminal furlough” year. Individuals appointed on or after January 1, 1984, are not eligible for the terminal furlough year.

The terminal furlough year shall not be available unless the individual (a) has been employed by the university at least ten years prior to the effective date of the terminal furlough; and (b) has not taken a sabbatical leave during the past four years next preceding the effective date of the terminal furlough. A person covered by this section but ineligible for the terminal furlough year will continue to carry normal responsibilities in the university until retirement.

A person eligible for a terminal furlough year under subsections 1 and 2 above may not begin such terminal furlough year until the beginning of the next academic term following his or her sixty-second birthday.

Emeritus or emerita status appropriate to the office or rank shall not be granted prior to the date of full retirement.

Sec. 5.20. Emeritus and Emerita Faculty (revised April 1995)

Emeritus and emerita faculty shall be regarded as members of the university instructional and primary staff who have retired and as such are entitled to attend without vote meetings of the University Senate, to march in positions of honor in academic processions, to receive the University Record, to avail themselves of the library and other facilities offered to university faculty members, to represent the university on appointment at academic ceremonies of other institutions, and in general to take part with the faculties in all social and ceremonial functions of the university.

Sec. 5.21. Distinguished University Professorships

There is hereby created the title Distinguished University Professor, to which faculty members in the grade of professor may be appointed. Such appointment shall be in recognition of distinguished achievement and reputation in the appointive field of scholarly interest as a member of the faculty of the university. A distinguished university professorship title may be retained after retirement. Each appointee shall be entitled distinguished university professor, to which title shall be attached the name of a person of distinction in the same general field of interest, preferably a person formerly associated with the university. Appointment to distinguished university professorships shall not modify the status of appointees as members of their respective faculties.

Sec. 5.22. Adjunct Professorships

Persons whose primary responsibilities lie outside the university or in another capacity within the university may be appointed on a part-time basis as adjunct professors, associate professors, assistant professors, instructors, or lecturers in order to supplement the instructional program.

Appointment and/or promotion criteria shall be consistent with those for regular instructional ranks to the extent applicable.

Adjunct appointments or reappointments are recommended by the appropriate instructional department and school or college, and at the University of Michigan-Dearborn and the University of Michigan-Flint by the chancellor, and are approved by the president.

Appointments as adjunct instructional staff are on an annual or shorter basis and without tenure.

Sec. 5.23. Clinical Instructional Staff (revised June 2001)

Adjunct Clinical Instructional Staff. Any academic unit may appoint professional practitioners in the community or within the university at appointment fractions below 50 percent as adjunct clinical professors, adjunct clinical associate professors, adjunct clinical assistant professors, adjunct clinical instructors, or adjunct clinical lecturers to support the instructional program. Appointments as adjunct clinical instructional staff are on an annual or shorter basis and are without tenure. Appointment and/or promotion criteria shall be consistent with those for regular instructional staff to the extent applicable.

Adjunct clinical appointments and reappointments are recommended by the appropriate instructional unit and school, college, or division and are approved by the chancellor (Flint or Dearborn) and president.

Clinical Instructional Staff. An academic unit may be authorized to appoint clinical instructional staff to support its instructional program only if a policy authorizing such appointments has been adopted by the school, college, or division in accordance with the bylaws of that unit and has been approved by the appropriate provost, chancellor (Flint or Dearborn), president, and Board of Regents. Clinical appointments are at appointment fractions of 50 percent or greater and are without tenure. The following titles may be used for clinical appointments: clinical professor, clinical associate professor, clinical assistant professor, or clinical instructor.

Appointments to the clinical track are for a fixed term, cannot exceed seven years in duration, and may be renewed. Appointment and promotion criteria shall be consistent with those for the regular instructional staff to the extent applicable. Further definition of the rights and responsibilities of clinical faculty, not inconsistent with the Bylaws of the Board of Regents, may be addressed by the bylaws of the academic units.

Clinical appointments, reappointments, and promotions are recommended by the appropriate instructional unit and school, college, or division and are approved by the appropriate provost, chancellor (Flint or Dearborn), and president.

The vice president and secretary of the university shall maintain a list of those schools, colleges, and divisions that are authorized to make appointments to the clinical instructional staff.

Sec. 5.24. Research Scientists and Research Professors (revised October 2003)

Research Scientists. An academic or research unit may appoint research scientists to support the research activities of the university if a policy to authorize such appointments has been adopted by the school, college, division, or research unit in accordance with the bylaws of that unit and has been approved by the vice president for research. Research scientist appointments are not appointments to the tenured or tenure-track instructional faculty. The following titles may be used for research scientist appointments: research scientist, associate research scientist, assistant research scientist, and research investigator. Further definition of the rights and responsibilities of research scientists, not inconsistent with the Bylaws of the Board of Regents, may be addressed by the bylaws of the academic or research units.

Research scientist appointments and promotions are recommended by the appropriate instructional unit and school, college, division, or research unit and are approved by the vice president for research, the chancellor (Dearborn or Flint), and the president.

The vice president and secretary of the university shall maintain a list of those schools, colleges, divisions, and research units that are authorized to make research scientist appointments.

Research Professors. An academic or research unit may appoint research professors to support the research activities of the university if a policy to authorize such appointments has been adopted by the school, college, division, or research unit in accordance with the bylaws of that unit and has been approved by the vice president for research and the appropriate provost. Research professor appointments are not appointments to the tenured or tenure-track instructional faculty. The following titles may be used for research professor appointments: research professor, research associate professor, and research assistant professor. Further definition of the rights and responsibilities of research professors, not inconsistent with the Bylaws of the Board of Regents, may be addressed by the bylaws of the academic or research units.

Research professor appointments and promotions are recommended by the appropriate instructional unit and school, college, division, or research unit and are approved by the vice president for research, the appropriate provost, the chancellor (Dearborn or Flint), and the president.

The vice president and secretary of the university shall maintain a list of those schools, colleges, divisions, and research units that are authorized to make research professor appointments.

If you have questions or suggestions regarding the bylaws section of our website, please email them to Erin Katz.

Bylaws updated: September 2018 (Addition of Sec. 2.075, Revision of Sec. 6.02, Sec 8.01, Sec. 8.02, and Sec. 11.66)